Environmental and Social Socialization
ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL SOCIALIZATION
Community involvement in the project is a key element in maintaining of social conditions and in minimizing the impact that may be caused by our activities. We always try to be openness communities in terms of information access through socialization, consultation, information boards, grievance mechanism, correspondence, and establishment of communication forum.
2012 – Project Introduction and Environmental Impact Assessment (AMDAL) Public Consultation: BPI engaged with various stakeholders during the AMDAL process to explain the Project’s details, potential positive and negative impacts, and CSR activities, as well as hear comments and suggestions on every occasion. Topics of discussion included: job opportunities for the construction and operation phases; land compensation; BPI’s commitment to environmental management; and CSR activities such as supporting for infrastructures, education, mosques and health facilities. Stakeholders involved included community representatives, NGOs, and government agencies. The primary objective of community engagement in this year was to build relationships within the local community to identify the needs of the community as well as to build the foundation for the CSR programs in coming years.
2013 – Land acquisition, Environmental Permits, Impact Mitigation Commencement, and Introductions to Coal-Fired Power Plant (CFPP) Technology: BPI engaged with villagers regarding land price negotiations, Right of Way (ROW) compensation, the CSR Programs, general electricity knowledge as well as CFPP technology and Environmental Permits. Based on three days of discussions, an agreement on land price and ROW compensation was reached between BPI and villagers from eight villages. Consultations and explanatory meeting related to the CSR Program and CFPP technology was carried out to the smallest level of community structure in the region, which is Rukun Tetangga (RT), in three villages. A total of 38 RTs and 1,350 people received such consultations and explanatory meeting. Moreover, discussions and coordination with related authorities, NGOs, farmers, and community figures was conducted during: Environmental Permit Issuance; Facilitation Team (1) establishment; Communication Forum (2) establishment; creation of the social compensation beneficiaries list; and the 1st social compensation disbursement.
(1) The Facilitation Team is a council consisting of the Batang Government Agency and BPI that functioned to plan, prepare, and manage all technical aspects of social mitigation activities.
(2) The Communication Forum is a council consisting of representation from four of the most affected villages: Ujungnegoro, Karanggeneng, Ponowareng, and Kedungsegog. This forum was created to bridge communication between the aspirations of the local community to BPI, and also initial issues that may occur on the site
2014 – Community Development and CFPP Technology Introduction: BPI sought to expand the community knowledge on the CFPP Project through consultation and explanatory meeting and through radio show, expo and distributing newspaper. Stakeholders involved in direct consultations and explanatory meeting included elementary school students, junior high school students, senior high school students, teachers, police, the fisherman association, and Micro Enterprise Group (MEG) members. Moreover, BPI also held consultations and explanatory meeting to clarify land price issues with landowners.
2015 – Second disbursement of Social Compensation and Implementation of Law No. 2/2012 by PT PLN (Persero): Intensive coordinations and discussions with various stakeholders such as farmers, village officers, AMDAL experts, community figures, regency agencies and provincial agencies were held in order to finalize the affected farmer list and to recommence the Social Compensation disbursement. In October 2015, BPI disbursed the second Social Compensation in the Kandeman District Office for 752 affected farmers from Ujungnegoro, Karanggeneng, and Depok Village, followed by the Tulis District office for affected farmers from Kenconorejo, Ponowareng, and Wonokerso Village. In accordance with the Batang Regent Decree Number 660.1/585/2015 dated October 23, 2015, Social Compensation disbursement finished in April 2017. In the same year, the Government of Indonesia, through PT PLN (Persero), gave their support to continue the construction of the CJPP Project by delegating the task to acquire the remaining land to PLN. During this process, the Government of Central Java, Government of Batang Regency, Head of Land Office Batang, and PT PLN (Persero) actively communicated with community leaders and land owners, which was a mandatory process for the implementation of Law No. 2/2012. This consultation and socialization process was conducted prior to the issuance of the Location Determination by the Central Java Governor in June 2015.
2016 – Financial Close and Commencement of Project Construction: On June 6, 2016, BPI achieved financial close as construction began. One of BPI’s obligations after the issuance of the Environmental Permit is that BPI, along with the Batang Regency Government, must continue the livelihood restoration plan (“Social Mitigation”). In addition to the Social Compensation program, BPI also has several other programs for affected communities. One of the programs is targeted towards affected Tenant Farmers (“TF”), which is called the Replacement Land (“RL”) program. This program is a management plan to mitigate impacts from changes in livelihood pattern that emerge due to land acquisition activities in the Power Block area.
This program is intended to provide new income for the affected TFs whose income decreased when BPI acquired the land. This program is also BPI’s obligation under the AMDAL document. In order to maintain fishermen income, BPI established the Fish Apartment (artificial fish habitat) program. For communities in affected villages, a comprehensive CSR Program was implemented with considering their needs.
In this year, BPI also conducted consultations and explanatory meeting prior to each construction activity such as: land clearing activities and a fence closing event, which was attended by the Batang Regency Government and Community Leaders; piling activities; construction of jetties; and dredging and dumping activities, which involved consultation with the Batang Regency and local fishermen community.
2017 – Responding to Community Concern and Continuing Community Development:
BPI continue to conduct community consultation and carry out CSR activities. Efforts were made to disseminate information regarding construction activities to both onshore and offshore stakeholders. Some of the engagement and consultation were conducted at an individual-level, through the Community Relations Team to Community Leaders, whilst others responded to grievance complainants. Formal consultations included the Socialization of The Construction of Substation & Towers on March 2017, and the Fish Apartment 2nd Installation Socialization on September 2017. The latter involved the Government Agency related to Fishing activity as well as the fishermen community from Kedungsegog and Sengon Villages (West and East Roban). In this year BPI continued the mass cleaning program along with health counseling in order to increase community awarness on the benefits of healthy lifestyles. In addition, various capacity buidling training sessions were held for local midwives and village health volunteers in affected villages, to mitigate any health impacts that may occurs during the construction phase. Training materials delivered covered areas such as communicable disease prevention, respiratory disease, HIV/AIDS prevention and management, health monitoring method, community sanitation, issues related to open defecation, teen reproductive health, immunization, clean environments, etc.
After the environmental permit (AMDAL) was issued on August 2013, BPI, along with local government, formulated 3 (three) alternate earnings formula for affected farmers, to address the impact which related with livelihood patterns alteration caused by land acquisition activities. This was based on the consultation with government authorities and representatives of affected households.
The three of social mitigation program are:
Providing social compensation
Providing the replacement land
Creating new entrepreneurs, by providing technical assistance
In implementing the program, we are together with Batang Government and other stakeholders to formulated criteria for the affected farmers who will be eligible to the social mitigation program. The formulated of the criteria for affected farmers have been stipulated in Batang Regent Decree.
Based on the degree, the affected farmers are divided into two criteria, namely Tenant farmers and Daily farmers.
Tenant Farmers (TF) are farmers who cultivate specific lands in the Power Block area of Central Java CFPP where the cultivated land is not a family member. The cooperation between land owner and tenant farmers are applied by profit sharing or land lease system.
Daily Farmers (DF) are farmers who work in the Power Block area of Central Java CFPP where the cultivated land is owned by others and the farmers receive daily payment
Daily farmers who are included as compensation beneficiary is based on 2 (two) classification:
Routinely working in Power Block area of Central Java CFPP ( minimum 2 weeks in a month)
Works as Macul, Mopok, Mupuk, and Ndawut worker, Tandur farmer, Matun Farmer or Jasmine/Cacao Plantation worker.
Tenant farmers and daily farmers who are eligible of social mitigation measures are limited to those who had worked in Power Block area of Central Java CFPP, earlier of before the issuance of Bupati Decree on October 21st 2013 or before the land purchased by PT BPI for Development of CFPP.
Other workers who are not included in the above categories are not entitled for social mitigation program.
1. Social Compensation
Since 2013, BPI has been operating a Social Compensation program for communities impacted by the Central Java CFPP 2 x 1,000 MW, as required by the AMDAL. The Program was to compensate 718 affected farmers eventually, consisting of 493 daily farmers and 225 tenant farmers in three phases over 21 months.
Affected farmers were those that experienced impacts to their livelihoods after lands were acquired for The Project. To compensate for these impacts, monies were disbursed through bank transfer, door-to-door visits, and direct cash transfer at disbursement events.
Details of compensation disbursement, along with beneficiary details can be found in the Social Compensation Activity Report
BPI’s social compensation program was completed in accordance with our commitment in the AMDAL. To confirm that BPI met its obligations, the Environmental and Forestry Agency of Central Java Provence and Batang Regency reviewed and approved the program’s report by BPI. Social Compensation photos
2. Replacement Land
The Replacement Land program is another mitigation program provided by BPI to the affected Tenant Farmers (“TF”) alongside social compensation under AMDAL. This program provides new sources of income for the affected TFs whose livelihoods were impacted by the Project.
BPI has provided 218 plots for the Replacement Land program, designated for the affected TFs who lost their sources of livelihood due to land acquisition activities. Consultations and explanatory meeting with the TFs was conducted on 29 June 2016 by involving: 196 of the 218 eligible TFs; the Regional Secretary of the Batang Regency; the Head of the Tulis and Kandeman sub district, the Head of the Village of Ujungnegoro, Karanggeneng and Ponowareng; and the Representative of the Central Java Environmental Agency.
Following on from the consultations and explanatory meeting with the TFs that was conducted on 29 June 2016, the establishment of the farmer groups was conducted on 19 July 2016, facilitated by Balai Penyuluhan Pertanian, Perikanan, dan Kehutanan (BP3K)/Office of Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry of the Tulis sub district.
Before affected TFs start to cultivate their respective replacement lands, BPI has already started the nursery work and pilot plant (testing) work for 6 ha of land, as of 02 July 2016. This nursery work was cultivated by a local host community, Sembojo’s farmers.
To provide appropriate replacement land for affected TFs, BPI assessed land and irrigation conditions, stakeholders’ opinions, and legal issues. As of June 2017, 201 replacement land plots were received and signed by TFs for use as rice paddy and peanut fields. (Photos of Replacement Land program)
3. Creating New Entrepreneurs by Providing Technical Assistance
Through of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) program, creation of new entrepreneur process began with stakeholders in related villages with prioritizing the interests and talents of the effected communities.
Support available for income generation includes facilitating motivating Project Affected Peoples in capitalizing the income restoration activities. For this purpose, BPI’s CSR team along with NGOs will help Project Affected Peoples on opting and making feasible income generation activities for rehabilitation. To achieve this goal, adequate rehabilitation assistance will be offered to the PAPs to restore their livelihood and income.
The programs initiated by the CSR team aim at creating sustained employment by strengthening rural infrastructure. In addition to the project sponsored programs, NGOs such as LDP-KJKS Bina Mandiri and Koperasi Mitra Dhuafa will play a proactive role to mobilize various microfinance schemes and ensure their accessibility and benefits to PAPs, particularly the tenant farmers, farm workers, elderly, women headed households and other vulnerable groups by forming self-help groups.